iberian peninsula


This sprawling culture arose in the very south of the peninsula, in the modern day region of Andalucía.

Just up the street is the 12th-century Sinagoga de Santa María La Blanca. Similar to Sardinia and unlike the Balkans and Italy, Iberia was shielded from settlement from the Bosporusand Caucasus region by its western geographic locatio…

Situated in the heart of Sintra’s Old Town, the Sintra National Palace (Palácio Nacional de Sintra) stands out, thanks to its whitewashed exterior and a pair of overturned, funnel-like chimneys. As you walk back downhill to Granada’s attractive center after the sun has set, you’ll find that Albayzín looks especially atmospheric when the lanterns of its Arabian-style shops are all aglow. Sign in to access your subscriptions and subscriber-only content. Its name derives from its ancient inhabitants whom the Greeks called Iberians, probably for the Ebro (Iberus), the peninsula’s second longest river (after the Tagus).

The Toledo Cathedral (Catedral de Toledo) is often described as one of Spain’s finest. Subscribe to the Magazine Today and Save 35%.
Today, you can still see the ruins of a Roman temple, as well as an attractive Roman bridge (Puente Romano).

(Portugal is one of the world’s largest cork producers.). The Spanish capital, Madrid, as well as the Portuguese capital, Lisbon, feature major international airports, big-city amenities, and dynamic cultural offerings. The area’s riverside promenade is perfectly suited for people watching: You can see groups of traditional student musicians (called tunas) performing, and chat with vendors selling embroidered linens, souvenir-sized bottles of port, and purses and ties made of cork.

They were established in the 18th century, and feature attractive fountains and archways, a greenhouse, and an impressive array of flora, including camellias, calla lilies, bamboo, and trees from around the world.

Cape Roca, in Portugal, is the most westerly point of continental Europe. Sintra’s lines can be long, so consider purchasing your tickets online and in advance.

Spain, Portugal, and France are all members of the European Union. Long before it became known as Coimbra, the city was settled by the Romans and called Aeminium. The palace’s interior is a delight to explore, thanks to its eclectic Manueline and Moorish styles. This former place of worship also houses the Sephardic Museum, whose artifacts help shed light on the Iberian Peninsula’s once-thriving Jewish population.

Located on the southwestern tip of the European continent, the Iberian Peninsula , includes the countries of Andorra, Portugal and Spain, and the British Crown colony of Gibraltar.

While the Moors originally constructed parts of the structure, Portuguese monarchs later increased its size.

As its name implies, the castle was constructed by the Moors. Home to Portugal’s most esteemed university, the city of Coimbra has a rich history and a youthful vibe.

And it’s not just fine cooking accessories that make Toledo a culinary paradise, because the city is also known for its saffron, its fine marzipan, and Manchego—cheese made from sheep’s milk.

Porto is also becoming more and more known for its gastronomic offerings, with upscale restaurants and humble taverns serving up something for every palate.


Popular Spanish ports of call include Barcelona, Malaga, Valencia, and the island of Mallorca. The Iberian Peninsula is located in southwestern Europe, bordering the Atlantic Ocean to the west, the Bay of Biscay to the north, and the Mediterranean Sea to the south and east.

Known as the “City of Three Cultures” since it was once home to a thriving Christian, Muslim, and Jewish population, Toledo plays host to a cathedral of epic proportions, a 10th-century mosque, and two impressive synagogues.

It is said that Córdoba’s Muslims, Jews, and Christians lived harmoniously here, creating a dynamic community where knowledge and talents were shared. For superb sunset views of the Alhambra, head to the Mirador San Nicolás viewpoint. Its flamboyant exterior makes it a favorite with photographers, and since it is perched on one of the area’s highest peaks, it provides stunning vistas, too. There are several groups in Spain, for example, that are descended from the ancient migrants to the region.

The 10th-century castle’s grey-stone ramparts crown a hilltop roughly 1,350 feet above sea level.

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