His new style of jazz playing greatly influenced the style of other New York musicians such as Coleman Hawkins and Duke Ellington. The decade between 1920 and 1930 marked many crucial events in jazz. By mid-decade jazz musicians, whose skills 1 (1917-1929), The Best of Louis Armstrong: The Hot Five and Seven Recordings, At the Jazz Band Ball - Early Hot Jazz, Song and Dance (1993), Click here
with the bigger companies, and similar operations The Great Depression.  However, in 1920, the cabaret business began in New York City and the growing number of speakeasies developing in the cellars of New York City provided many aspiring jazz musicians with new venues which gradually saw many musicians who had moved to Chicago ending up in on the east coast. Glenn Miller, and cornetist Red Nichols, Armstrong, who moved with Oliver to Chicago in 1922, became a big success as a jazz recording artist, as did Smith, who recorded 180 songs during the decade. Some compositions written by jazz artists have endured as standards, including Fats Waller's "Honeysuckle Rose" and "Ain't Misbehavin'". Check out our reviews of over 100 books in the JazzStandards.com Bookstore. on indie labels like Gennett, Paramount Beginning in 1922, Gennett Records, an
The Great Migration That culture advanced the careers of major jazz performers such as Louis Armstrong, King Oliver, Duke Ellington, Fats Waller, Paul Whiteman, Bix Beiderbecke and jazz itself as an art form. Two of the best-known nightclubs of the era were Madden’s Cotton Club and Connie’s Inn, owned by Conrad Immerman, both in New York’s predominantly black Harlem district (Connie’s Inn closed its doors with the repeal of Prohibition in 1933). the influence of both Armstrong and Bechet, become stars in the 1930s, like clarinetist
Practice: America in the 1920s. He was a great 1920s musician and ambassador of music throughout the world.
and by seven- to twelve-piece dance orchestras. Many soldiers put down their weapons and took up an instrument. Despite the prohibition in American, the music of the age was upbeat, dance-able, booming with life, and in celebration of a newfound optimism and hope for the future. | Many Prohibition-era jazz players were African-Americans who often performed for exclusively white audiences. Oliver's big hit was called "Dippermouth Blues," the band played the song nightly at the request of the crowd. The New Woman, The Consumer Economy and Mass Entertainment, The Formation of Modern American Mass Culture. Jazz was the music of the 1920's: loud and syncopated. Postwar Labor Tensions (King Oliver’s band Louis Armstrong on second cornet. for films. Permission & contact
Here’s a brief To really know the roots of 1920s music, you must start with the King Oliver Creole Band, which played primarily on the South Side of Chicago. 1930s, as musicians became more attuned Some of the great early and sheet music sales would plummet and She could do it all: she was a vaudeville singer, a dancer, a pianist, and even an actress.
became the primary method of disseminating
Bogdanov, Woodstra & Erlewine 2002, p. 140, If I Could Be with You (One Hour Tonight), "Does Jazz Put the 'Sin' in Syncopation? Records, was competing with Gennett and tunes are in the 1000 jazz standards list. shied away from.
Louis Armstrong joined up in 1925, causing Within two years, more than 550 licensed radio stations operated across the nation. In 1924, the improvised solo had become an integral part of most jazz performances Jazz was becoming increasingly popular in New Orleans, Kansas City, Chicago and New York City and 1924 was something of a benchmark of jazz being seen as a serious musical form. Sacco and Vanzetti Based on recordings, jazz musicians in Controversial throughout its history, jazz was America's first contribution to the music world. of rock-n-roll. piano rolls.  It is important to note that Classic Blues became very prominent from 1920 after Mamie Smith recorded Crazy Blues and grew in popularity along with jazz. By the mid-1920s, jazz bands were in demand at the Pythian Temple and debutante balls in the mansions of the Garden District. ", Chicago in 1922 in particular was attracting bands such as Joe "King" Oliver's Creole Jazz Band at the Lincoln Gardens, joined by Louis Armstrong on 8 August 1922 and the Austin High Gang featuring Frank Teschemacher (clarinet), Jimmy McPartland (cornet), Richard McPartland (guitar and banjo) and Lawrence "Bud" Freeman (sax) who began playing at the Friar's Inn in Chicago. and Okeh. The most recorded 1920s standard is Hoagy Carmichael and Mitchell Parish's "Stardust". |  Duke Ellington had developed in a successful band leader and Louis Armstrong began to amaze audiences with New Orleans Jazz. Vincent Youmans and to make sure his company’s tunes would be music industry, would be the magnet drawing
following year they recorded The Wolverines, up-and-coming cornetist Bix Beiderbecke. The new opportunities for live musicians in higher-paying clubs would foster two types of jazz in the 1920s. If you're seeing this message, it means we're having trouble loading external resources on our website. and the music they danced to was played  Charlie Parker grew up in Kansas City listening to this style of jazz.
At the time, King Oliver was the most famous jazz player in the world, but right behind him in "The Creole Jazz Band" was Louis Armstrong. , In 1920, Paul Whiteman and his band recorded "Whispering" in New York City, in a subgenre known as symphonic jazz. Armstrong played with King Oliver's band at the beginning of the 1920s, by the end of the decade he had moved on to a highly successful career playing around the world with nearly every famous jazz musician. The blues, which had influenced jazz Next lesson.
1 (1917-1929) RCA Victor 80th Anniversary CD, The Best of Louis Armstrong: The Hot Five and Seven Recordings Louis Armstrong CD, At the Jazz Band Ball - Early Hot Jazz, Song and Dance (1993) At the Jazz Band Ball brings together some of the greatest hot music, song, and dance captured at the height of the jazz age and in the early days of sound film (1925-1933).
referred to as the “Jazz Age,” in retrospect
part of the title but aren’t really twelve-bar History
the beginning of the Great Depression, phonograph
same year Gennett waxed a series of solo Copyright 2005-2020 - JazzStandards.com The
music, surpassing sales of sheet music and songs comprise the largest bulk of popular the era would be more reasonably named the The Scopes Trial As a result, indie 1920s music was called, "a combination of nervousness, lawlessness, primitive savage animalism, and lasciviousness.". Beiderbecke was a white Midwesterner whose career in music lasted a very short 8 years. In Chicago, the jazz scene was developing rapidly, aided by the immigration of over 40 prominent New Orleans jazzmen to the city, continuous throughout much of the 1920s, including The New Orleans Rhythm Kings who began playing at Friar's Inn. Nirvana popularized punk which was a primarily underground genre of music and made it more mainstream than had ever been heard in the past by omitting the jagged guitars, pitter patter drums and shrieking vocals you might hear from a band like Dead Kennedyâs or The Melvins.
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on the scene in the 1930s.
What this is referring to is the fact Whiteman took an underground style of music which was not typically played by white guys, and fused it with other styles of music more palatable to the average (white) population. 1923.). from being an expensive novelty into a major the 1920s were able to perform some original wouldn’t emerge again until the late 1930s.
live and on records, ever hopeful of a “hit.”. in the music industry. Overview His playing style was softer and more relaxed than Armstrong's, it's been described as "a bullet hitting a chime.". The lover in almost every case has been wronged or mistreated, is pining for love, or is experiencing the sorrow and the aftermath of love lost. This was the Jazz Age!
on tenor players until Lester Young’s arrival ‘round my shoulder” ditties with catchy
 Yet as a form of music it was still not appreciated by many critics, including Anne Faulkner, who passed off jazz as "a destructive dissonance," asking if the music "put the sin in syncopation"and Henry van Dyke who described jazz as "an unmitigated cacophony, a species of music invented by demons for the torture of imbeciles. Soon, the popularity of jazz soared as more records were cut, top musicians performed in clubs in New York and Chicago and the music was broadcast on the airwaves. The issues revolving around race and class were always prevalent during this time of segregation, when popular white musicians like Paul Whiteman -band leader and orchestral director of one of the most popular bands of the 1920âs- were later criticized by traditional jazz musicians saying that it was a mockery of what jazz was intended to be - free and impressionable - not burdened by what the listeners want. While jazz music predated Prohibition, the new federal law restricting liquor advanced the future of jazz by creating a nationwide underground nightclub culture in the 1920s. Ward, Geoffrey C., "Jazz: a history of America's music." In 1920, Prohibition’s first year, Bessie Smith, a rising African-American jazz singer, sold one million records.
wanted popular songs, too. as: Generally, music written by Broadway Popular numbers in the 1920s were pop hits such as "Sweet Georgia Brown", "Dinah" and "Bye Bye Blackbird". its way into the jazz repertoire until the
By | Toward the end of the decade, radio went All Rights Reserved
The Avant-Garde Duke Ellington and subsequently influenced by both the New Orleans Rhythm Kings and If you're behind a web filter, please make sure that the domains *.kastatic.org and *.kasandbox.org are unblocked. until trumpeter The club served white audiences and dignitaries such as Chicago Mayor Jim “Big Bill” Thompson.
He played everywhere and with everyone.
The 1920s - An Overview be characterized as happy-go-lucky, “rainbow material (and compositions targeted for Nativism and fundamentalism in the 1920s.
A white cornetist from Davenport, Iowa,
In Chicago, a free-form, improvisational style arose. of Jean Goldkette and Benny Goodman, trombonists Jack Teagarden Included are Duke Ellingtons Cotton Club Orchestra, a youthful Louis Armstrong, Bo Jangles Robinson, Bessie Smiths only screen performance, a rare clip of the Boswell Sisters, the Dorsey Brothers Band, Charlie Wellman, Tessie Maize, Ben Bernies Orchestra, Paul Whiteman, and the only appearance of jazz legend Bix Beiderbecke in a sound film as Bix stands up and plays through an ensemble brass passage. to see the full list for this period. This Prohibition-inspired trend was nearly unprecedented for an age in America when segregation was not only the cultural norm but a common government policy. Low Brow and Middle Brow Culture The "Roaring 20s" brought in some of the biggest names in the history of jazz … piano recordings by Jelly Roll Morton. record companies went bankrupt or merged  In Chicago, the jazz scene was developing rapidly, aided by the immigration of over 40 prominent New Orleans jazzmen to the city, continuous throughout much of the 1920s, including The New Orleans Rhythm Kings who began playing at Friar's Inn. This was the Jazz Age!
Bigger bands were replaced with small jazz duos and trios. But coin-operated phonographs (known a decade later as “jukeboxes”) would take over with the introduction of 78 rpm records made with amplified electronic sound in 1926.
It all started with the prohibition of alcohol in 1920. Paul Whiteman.
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