pope stephen viii


[10] This version of events has largely been discredited;[11] contemporary and near-contemporary catalogues state that Stephen was a Roman. "Stephen VIII" redirects here. [10] This version of events has largely been discredited;[11] contemporary and near-contemporary catalogues state that Stephen was a Roman. On 17 August 942, Alberic summoned a council in Rome, where he demonstrated his control over the papacy by making use of various papal officials, such as the primicerius, the secundicerius of the notaries, and the vestararius. DeCormenin, Louis Marie; Gihon, James L., Cardinal-Priest of Santi Silvestre e Martino ai Monti, International Alliance of Catholic Knights, Dechristianization of France during the French Revolution, Dogma of the Immaculate Conception of the Virgin Mary, Prayer of Consecration to the Sacred Heart, Persecutions of the Catholic Church and Pius XII, Pope Pius XII Consecration to the Immaculate Heart of Mary, Dogma of the Assumption of the Virgin Mary, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Pope_Stephen_VIII&oldid=949290234, Articles incorporating a citation from the 1913 Catholic Encyclopedia with Wikisource reference, Pages using S-rel template with ca parameter, Wikipedia articles with WorldCat identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 5 April 2020, at 17:07. https://www.britannica.com/biography/Stephen-VI-or-VII. The era in which he was elected as the successor to Pope Boniface VI was torn by factions led by Roman aristocrats and by rulers of Naples, Benevento, Tuscany, and Spoleto (of whose ruling family Stephen was a member). Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. [5], The continuing domination of the counts of Tusculum was evident throughout Stephen's pontificate, and the period is thus known as Saeculum obscurum. Except that he was a Roman, the son of Teudemund, and sometime cardinal-priest of St. Anastasia, and that when pope he issued certain privileges for monasteries in France and Italy, and was buried in St. Peter's, nothing more is known of him. Both of these preceding pontiffs had preferred the East Frankish king Arnulf, and in 896 Formosus abandoned the Spoletans and crowned Arnulf Holy Roman emperor, igniting a stormy conflict between the feuding factions. Stephen (VII) VIII, POPE (929-31), date of birth unknown; d. in February or March, 931.He became pope either at the end of 928 or at the beginning of 929. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. (929-31) Date of birth unknown; died in February or March, 931. https://www.britannica.com/biography/Stephen-VIII-or-IX.

Stephen was originally a priest at the Church of Saints Sylvester and Martin, but in 939 he was elected as pope. Pope Stephen VI (Latin: Stephanus VI; died August 897) was the bishop of Rome and ruler of the Papal States from 22 May 896 to his death. Pope Stephen VIII. Encyclopaedia Britannica's editors oversee subject areas in which they have extensive knowledge, whether from years of experience gained by working on that content or via study for an advanced degree.... Get exclusive access to content from our 1768 First Edition with your subscription. [6] Stephen was, however, caught up in the ongoing conflict between Alberic and King Hugh of Italy, with Hugh besieging Rome in 940.
[6] Stephen was, however, caught up in the ongoing conflict between Alberic and King Hugh of Italy, with Hugh besieging Rome in 940. The Catholic Encyclopedia, "Compétition autour d'un cadavre. ", International Alliance of Catholic Knights, Dechristianization of France during the French Revolution, Dogma of the Immaculate Conception of the Virgin Mary, Prayer of Consecration to the Sacred Heart, Persecutions of the Catholic Church and Pius XII, Pope Pius XII Consecration to the Immaculate Heart of Mary, Dogma of the Assumption of the Virgin Mary, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Pope_Stephen_VI&oldid=976660637, Heads of government who were later imprisoned, Wikipedia articles needing page number citations from April 2020, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles with French-language sources (fr), Articles with Italian-language sources (it), Pages using S-rel template with ca parameter, Wikipedia articles with WorldCat identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 4 September 2020, at 07:14.

Pope Stephen VIII (880-1 October 942) was Pope from 939 to 942, succeeding Pope Leo VII and preceding Pope Marinus II.
Pope Stephen VIII (Latin: Stephanus VIII; died October 942) was the bishop of Rome and nominal ruler of the Papal States from 14 July 939 to his death. Because Duke Alberic II of Spoleto, virtual dictator of Rome, dominated his pontificate, Stephen had little opportunity for independent action. Would you like Wikipedia to always look as professional and up-to-date? The true purpose of the trial, however, was the appeasement and satisfaction of political enmity; the Spoletans charged that as leader of the rival faction Formosus had crowned an illegitimate descendant of Charlemagne after he had already crowned Lambert. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. The circumstances of his election as pope are unclear, but he was sponsored by one of the powerful Roman families, the dukes of Spoleto, that contested the papacy at the time. Educated in Germany, he became cardinal priest of the Roman Church of SS. 11 likes.

Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). Stephen VIII was born of a Roman family, and prior to becoming pope was attached to the church of Saints Silvester and Martin. [2] Stephen dispatched a papal legate to the Frankish nobles, instructing them to acknowledge Louis, and to cease their rebellious actions against him, under threat of excommunication. Stephen was made bishop of Anagni by Pope Formosus,[2] possibly against his will.[3]. Stephen is chiefly remembered in connection with his conduct towards the remains of Pope Formosus. You could also do it yourself at any point in time. Twelve years of blood, intrigue, and terror followed. For exhuming and desecrating Pope Formosus’ corpse and annulling his pontificate in the “Cadaver Synod,” Stephen had been imprisoned and probably strangled by Formosus’ supporters, leaving Stephen’s followers at political war with those who opposed the synod. [5], "Stephen VI" redirects here. Congratulations on this excellent venture… what a great idea! Pope Stephen VIII (880-1 October 942) was Pope from 939 to 942, succeeding Pope Leo VII and preceding Pope Marinus II.

The ensuing intrigue became complex and malicious, casting a shadow over the papacy: from 896 (Formosus’ death) to 904 (Sergius’ consecration) there was…, …the chaotic aftermath of Pope Stephen VI’s murder. He is best known for instigating the Cadaver Synod, which ultimately led to his downfall and death. Stephen VIII was born of a Roman family, and prior to becoming pope was attached to the church of Saints Silvester and Martin. Encyclopaedia Britannica's editors oversee subject areas in which they have extensive knowledge, whether from years of experience gained by working on that content or via study for an advanced degree.... Pope, (Latin papa, from Greek pappas, “father”), the title, since about the 9th century, of the bishop of Rome, the head of the Roman Catholic Church. [4] This time they were informed that if the pope had not received their embassies by Christmas, notifying him of their intent to submit to the king, they would be excommunicated. [1] The maiming of Stephen may have occurred, however, in the aftermath of the conspiracy against Alberic in the middle of 942. Pope Stephen VIII was Pope from 14 July 939 to his death in 942. [3], Emboldened, Stephen sought to break up the alliance against Louis by offering Herbert's son, Hugh of Vermandois, the office of archbishop of Reims. Further, Otto's intervention in and influence over Italian affairs was still over a decade away, and during this period Otto was still trying to consolidate his hold on power in Germany, with major rebellions by the German dukes. Corrections? Corrections? Though the instigators of the deed may actually have been Formosus' Spoletan enemies, notably Guy IV of Spoleto, who had recovered their authority in Rome at the beginning of 897 by renouncing their broader claims in central Italy, the scandal ended in Stephen's imprisonment and his death by strangling that summer. From the Catholic Encyclopedia (939-942) Pope Stephen (VIII) IX, date of birth unknown; he became pope about 14 July, 939, and died about the end of Oct., 942. He was accused of violating canon law and of perjury, among other charges. If there is any truth to Martin of Opava’s account of the torture and maiming of Stephen VIII by supporters of Alberic, it must have occurred at this juncture, in the aftermath of the conspiracy, and just prior to Stephen's death.[8]. [5], The continuing domination of the counts of Tusculum was evident throughout Stephen's pontificate, and the period is thus known as Saeculum obscurum. His pontificate occurred during the Saeculum obscurum, when the power of popes was diminished by the ambitious counts of Tusculum, and was marked b …“Cadaver Synod”) conducted by Pope Stephen VI (VII), Formosus’s political enemies had his nine-month-old corpse exhumed, propped up on a throne, and subjected to a mock trial—during which a deacon answered for the corpse. To install click the Add extension button. Compre o livro Pope Stephen VIII na Amazon.com.br: confira as ofertas para livros em inglês e importados Updates? His pontificate occurred during the Saeculum obscurum, when the power of popes was diminished by the ambitious counts of Tusculum, and was marked by the conflict between his patron, Alberic II of Spoleto, and King Hugh of Italy.

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