to find out more about contributing the Russia chapter to this guide. Russian environmental history is a new field of inquiry, with the first archivally based monographs appearing only in the last years of the 20th century.
The government has proven to be an obstacle in promoting environmental awareness, by their treatment of environmental non-governmental agencies (NGO’s). In 2001, funding amounted to 0.4 percent of the total federal budget. Environmental NGOs who have been audited include the Baikal Environmental Wave (Irkutsk), Yaroslavl Regional Hunters’ and Fishermen Society (Yaroslavl), Amur Environmental Club “Ulukitkan” (Blagoveshchensk), Kirov Regional Hunters’ and Fishermen Society (Kirov), Muraviovka Park of Sustainable Land Use (Amur Region), “Nature and Youth” (Murmansk) and Environmental Watch of the North Caucasus (Maykop). I recommend Global Legal Group to my clients who need counsel in this specialized area.John Sadler, President - SADLER & COMPANY INC., USA, © 2002-2020 Copyright: ICLG.com | Our Privacy, John Sadler, President - SADLER & COMPANY INC., USA. Russia places economic gains above environmental causes (a trait many governments throughout the world are culpable of). The audits have not been received well by the international community, who see the actions as an unnecessary encroachment on civil society. The following 11 groups were given warnings: For the Nature (Chelyabinsk), Green Home (Khabarovsk), Siberian Environmental Center (Novosibirsk), SPOK (Petrozavodsk), Kola Environmental Center (Murmansk), ApatityEnvironmental Center (Murmansk region), KolaCenter for Wild Nature Defense (Murmansk), Schoolof SoulEcology “Tengri” (Gorno-Altaisk), Protected Natural Areas Association of the Altay Republic (Gorno-Altaisk), Center for Environmental Awareness-raising of the Sakha Republic (Yakutia) “Eyge” (Yakutsk) and Youth Foundation “Renaissance of the Siberian Land” (Irkutsk).
But large gaps exist between Russia’s formal environmental laws on the books and state agencies’ capacity to and interest in carrying them out. Greenpeace Russia is urging the government to support people on the frontlines of environmental crises, to tighten environmental policy to prevent future disasters, and to adopt a long-term program for green transformation of the economy. Widespread water pollution has led Russian regions’ surface water to be polluted at levels 10 times higher than the permissible level. Most of Russia’s water-bodies do not meet regulations, 12-14 percent of Russia’s lakes and rivers are ecologically clean and the quality of the groundwater is declining. The participants suggested several measures that may improve environmental policy. The Kyotoprotocol did not come into force before it was ratified by Russia. Russia’s political structure encourages economic gain over environmental concern and is reflected by its citizens’ apathetic attitude towards the environment. The lack of oversight contributes to negative environmental effects and causally, negative health consequences for the public. In March 2013 the Russian government launched a nationwide inspection into thousands of non-governmental organizations to identify advocacy groups the government labels “foreign agents” – a derogatory term that critics say aims to stigmatize NGOs.
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