The Armenian National Academy of Sciences plays an important role in postgraduate education. The main foreign languages that Armenians know are Russian and English.  In addition, 35% of eligible children attended preschools.  The ancient Armenian kingdom was split between the Byzantine and Sasanian Empires around the early 5th century.
The alphabet was invented in AD 405 by Mesrop Mashtots and consists of thirty-nine letters, three of which were added during the Cilician period. Facebook is the top social platform.
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Due to its Soviet past, most of the old population can speak Russian quite well. Yerevan Vernissage (arts and crafts market), close to Republic Square, bustles with hundreds of vendors selling a variety of crafts on weekends and Wednesdays (though the selection is much reduced mid-week).
Its roots go back to the 1st century AD, when it was founded by two of Jesus' twelve apostles – Thaddaeus and Bartholomew – who preached Christianity in Armenia between AD 40–60. The church, which was limited during the secretaryship of Stalin, was revived when Catholicos Vazgen I assumed the duties of his office in 1955.
Armenia has a population of just over three million people, and covers 11,484 square miles. Armenia is the neighbor of Nagorno-Karabakh Republic in the East and Azerbaijan, Turkey and Nakhichevan Autonomous Republic in the West, Iran in the South and Georgia in the north. The historian Flavius Josephus also states in his Antiquities of the Jews, "Aram had the Aramites, which the Greeks called Syrians;... Of the four sons of Aram, Uz founded Trachonitis and Damascus: this country lies between Palestine and Celesyria. Despite this, the process stopped, as Turkey continuously added more preconditions to its ratification and also "delayed it beyond any reasonable time-period". , Armenia was not the scene of any battles in World War II. , Despite the availability of abundant renewable energy sources in Armenia (especially hydroelectric and wind power) and calls from EU officials to shut down the nuclear power plant at Metsamor, the Armenian Government is exploring the possibilities of installing new small modular nuclear reactors. Access to biocapacity in Armenia is lower than world average. Armenia's long history as a crossroads of the ancient world has resulted in a landscape with innumerable fascinating archaeological sites to explore. The Orbelian Dynasty shared control with the Zakarids in various parts of the country, especially in Syunik and Vayots Dzor, while the House of Hasan-Jalalyan controlled provinces of Artsakh and Utik as the Kingdom of Artsakh.
Life expectancy 71 years (men), 77 years (women), Main exports Diamonds, machinery, foodstuffs. The principality was ruled by the Prince of Armenia, and recognised by the Caliph and the Byzantine Emperor. The national team is controlled by the Football Federation of Armenia. The Ancient Greek terms Ἀρμενία (Armenía) and Ἀρμένιοι (Arménioi, "Armenians") are first mentioned by Hecataeus of Miletus (c. 550 BC – c. 476 BC). Read about our approach to external linking.  Owing to the century long Turco-Iranian geopolitical rivalry that would last in Western Asia, significant parts of the region were frequently fought over between the two rivalling empires during the Ottoman–Persian Wars. Get exclusive access to content from our 1768 First Edition with your subscription.
The league currently consists of eight teams and relegates to the Armenian First League.  This suggests that main environmental issues in Armenia are with population health, while environment vitality is of lesser concern. The capital is Yerevan (Erevan). The many rivers in Armenia are short and turbulent with numerous rapids and waterfalls. A literacy rate of 100% was reported as early as 1960. The Kingdom of Armenia reached its height under Tigranes the Great in the 1st century BC and became the first state in the world to adopt Christianity as its official religion in the late 3rd or early 4th century AD.
However, the statistical record of research expenditure is incomplete, as expenditure by privately owned business enterprises is not surveyed in Armenia. Transcaucasian Socialist Federative Soviet Republic, European Bank for Reconstruction and Development, first geographical entity that was called Armenia, Learn how and when to remove this template message, Armenian intellectuals were arrested by Ottoman authorities, International Association of Genocide Scholars, Transcaucasian Democratic Federative Republic, History of Armenia § Independent Armenia (1991-today), Organisation for Security and Co-operation in Europe, Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe, Organization of the Black Sea Economic Cooperation, Armenia-EU Comprehensive and Enhanced Partnership Agreement, Treaty on Conventional Armed Forces in Europe, National Polytechnic University of Armenia, "The ethnic minorities in Armenia. These priorities are:, The Law on the National Academy of Sciences was adopted in May 2011.  This was for the Turkish Government the reason to back down from the Protocols. Text taken from UNESCO Science Report: towards 2030, 324–26, UNESCO, UNESCO Publishing. Instruments like the duduk, dhol, zurna, and kanun are commonly found in Armenian folk music. The country used the solar Armenian calendar, which consisted of 12 months.
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